Title: 86. Macon
Creator: Cassini Family, Cesar-Francois
Location: Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France
Description: The Cassini Family, most notably César-François Cassini and his son Jean-Dominique Cassini, compiled the first topographic and geometric map of the whole Kingdom of France in the 18th century. ‘86. Macon’ by its short name is one of many highly detailed renditions of France. The artful care in these maps, as spectacular as it is, is nothing compared to the mathematics behind each stroke. Based on a geodesic triangulation, these maps are the most innovative of the time and continue to be used by historians, geographers, genealogists and more.
1761 in France: Louis XV (Louis the Beloved) is King of France until his death in 1774. The most notable event of this year is the Pacte de Famille of 1761. Enemies France and Spain spent half of the 18th century making peace with one another from the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 to the Treaty of Paris in 1761. While this Pacte does declare mutual protection for the three branches of power (France, Spain, and the Two Sicilies), this is not a declaration of unity - merely an international alliance. This is also one year of many that illustrate a rocky relationship between the parlements and the crown. In November 1760, the parlement of Paris planned a protest that was actively shut down by the monarch, leading to the resignation of Bourgeois de Boynes in 1761 (a French magistrate) - also known as The Besançon Affair.